CFD analysis of a captive bullet entry in calm water with and without turbulence

AuthorsBettencourt Rauffus, R., Maximiano, A., Eca, L., Vaz, G.
Conference/Journal38th International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering, Glasgow, Scotland
DateJun 9, 2019
Reading time6 minutes

Simulations are carried out for a simplified lifeboat droptest case, which consists of a captive axisymmetric generic lifeboat shape (bullet), that penetrates the water surface at a constant velocity andangle ofattack. Thequantities of interest are the body fixed longitudinal force FX, vertical force FZ, and pitch moment MYY.This case was previously used in a verification and validation exercise [1]. Here, a step forward in complexity is taken, as the previous numerical model is now supplemented with the eddy-viscosity based turbulence model k − ω SST. Both approaches are then used to simulate two different cases: Case 1 with minimal wake effects; and Case 3 with flow separation and significant wake. The results are compared with the experimentaldata. The numerical uncertainty is estimated for both models. It is seen that for Case 1 the difference between both models is mostly within the comparison uncertainty, except for the longitudinal force Fx, where the turbulent flow predicts a larger force, improving the comparison with the experiments. The loads predicted with turbulent flow stayed mostly within 6% of the laminar flow. For Case 3 small differences between both models are found during/after the wake collapse stage. However, this difference is often within the comparison uncertainty. A reasonable agreement is found with the experimental data, except for FZ after the bow wake collapse. The turbulent flow improves slightly on the laminar approach regarding the agreement with the experiments, however it can be argued if this difference justifies the increased computational cost of the turbulence model.