Advances in the Hydrodynamics of Side-by-side Moored Vessels
In this paper a comparison between model basin experiments and results of diffraction computations on side-by-side moored LNG carriers is presented. The computations are based on a new lid method in diffraction codes to suppress non-realistic high wave elevations between the two floating objects. This lid method was originally formulated by Chen (2005). In this method a damping value is added to the free surface by means of a damping parameter. Since no theoretical solution can be found to establish the required value of the damping parameter, model basin experiments have been performed to determine this value. However from the results of the model basin experiments it is shown that it is difficult to obtain one unique value of the lid damping (for the 4m or small gap). The way of tuning the damping value of the lid is crucial. Tuning the damping based on first order results, like motions or wave height RAO’s will lead to a much larger variation in the estimate of the second order sway wave drift force transfer function.