Simulation of Wingtip Vortex Flows with Reynolds-Averaged Navier–Stokes and Scale-Resolving Simulation Methods
The simulation of wingtip vortex flows is investigated with Reynolds-averaged Navier–Stokes (RANS) equations and scale-resolving simulation (SRS) models. These range from turbulent viscosity and Reynolds-stress model (RSM) RANS closures, to hybrid and bridging SRS methods. The objective of the study was threefold: assess the relevance of replicating the experimental flow conditions, evaluate the numerical requisites of each mathematical model, and determine their modeling accuracy in prediction of a representative wingtip vortex flow. The selected problem is the flow around a NACA 0012 wing at 10 deg of angle of attack and Reynolds number of 4.60×10. The results confirm the relevance of reproducing the experimental flow conditions, in particular at the inlet boundary where the flow is not uniform. For this reason, the evaluation of modeling errors using the available measurements requires the specification of the experimental inlet conditions. On the other hand, the quantification of the modeling error indicates that solely RANS–RSM can achieve an accurate representation of the flow dynamics. Whereas the well-recognized limitations of turbulent viscosity RANS closures to deal with solid-body rotatio nlead to the overprediction of turbulence and consequent rapid diffusion of the wingtip vortex, the predictive use of SRS methods may reveal excessively complex and demanding.