Manoeuvring performance
Flow around MARIN ARD Ferry at 30° drift angle © MARIN
General information
The manoeuvring performance of a ship can be quantified by the controllability, turning ability, course stability, dynamic positioning or dynamic tracking capability and harbour manoeuvrability. Furthermore, for some ships additional aspects such as the heel angles during manoeuvres are important factors in the safety of the ship.

Good manoeuvring capabilities may lead to reduced operational costs due to less added resistance when less steering is required, shorter harbour turn-around times and less use of tug assistance.

Service & Activities
Prior to physical model testing or ship construction, MARIN can assist in the proper selection of the appropriate steering system (such as rudders, thrusters, pods, waterjets) based on our ample experience and our large database with manoeuvring characteristics. After the selection of the steering system, simulations or model tests can be performed to assess the manoeuvrability (using either standard or dedicated manoeuvres) of the ship and verify compliance with the requirements. Finally, MARIN can be contracted to perform full-scale manoeuvring trials and generate the required information to be displayed onboard the ship, such as the wheelhouse poster, pilot card and manoeuvring booklet.

Additionally, dedicated nautical operations can be simulated using our full-mission simulators or fast-time manoeuvring simulation programs, resulting in a sound judgement of the applicability of the design to the intended operation.

Facilities & Tools
Manoeuvring performance studies are carried out in the following MARIN facilities:

Manoeuvring investigations using free sailing models and waves from arbitrary directions if required
Manoeuvring tests in shallow water
Captive/PMM tests at high Froude numbers
Similar as in the Seakeeping and Manoeuvring Basin, for variable water depths, current and waves from arbitrary directions as required
  • Deep Water Towing Tank:
Captive/PMM manoeuvring tests, initial steering tests
Captive manoeuvring tests
Realtime manoeuvring studies in a realistic environment

Manoeuvring performance can most notably be studied with the SurSim, FreSim, SHIPMA, DPCAP, COGNAC, AnySIM, FREDYN and ReFRESCO tools.

For information on these and other software tools relevant for manoeuvring performance, please see here.

Software Sales
Some software tools are available for commercial use outside MARIN. A complete overview of these software tools for sale can be found under Software Sales.

The list below gives a review of types of manoeuvring performance projects carried out at MARIN:

Most recent manoeuvring performance papers presented by MARIN:
(complete overview of papers can be found under Publications)

Current status of manoeuvring prediction methods, their mutual pros and cons and ways to quantify the capabilities
Quadvlieg, F.H.H.A., Yücel Odabaşı Colloquium Series - 2nd International Meeting Recent Advances in Prediction Techniques for Safe Manoeuvring of Ships and Submarines, Istanbul, Turkey, 2016

Hydrodynamic modelling for the remotely operated vehicle Visor3 using CFD
Juan A. Ramírez-Macías, Persijn Brongers, Santiago Rúa and Rafael E. Vásquez, 10th IFAC Conference on Control Applications in Marine Systems (CAMS), Trondheim, Norway , 2016

CFD Simulations and Experiments of a Maneuvering Generic Submarine and Prognosis for Simulation of Near Surface Operation
Carrica, P.M., Kerkvliet, M., Quadvlieg, F.H.H.A., Pontarelli, M., Martin, J.E., 31st Symposium on Naval Hydrodynamics (ONR), Monterey, CA, 2016

A computational study of the flow around the KVLCC2 model hull at straight ahead conditions and at drift
Fureby, C., Toxopeus, S.L., Johansson, M., Tormalm, M. and Petterson, K., Ocean Engineering, 2016

Free Running Manoeuvring Model Tests On A Modern Generic SSK Class Submarine (BB2)
Overpelt, B., Nienhuis. B. and Anderson, B., Pacific International Maritime Conference, Sydney, Australia, 2015

Most recent manoeuvring performance articles written for MARIN Report:
(complete overview of articles can be found under Publications)

For more information on how MARIN can help your organisation with manoeuvring performance issues, please contact the Manoeuvring Knowledge Group at

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