Ship Resistance Prediction: Verification And Validation Exercise On Unstructured Grids
Author Crepier, P.
Title Ship Resistance Prediction: Verification And Validation Exercise On Unstructured Grids
Conference/Journal VII International Conference on Computational Methods in Marine Engineering (MARINE2017), Nantes, France
Month May
Year 2017
Pages 365-376

The prediction of the resistance of a ship is, together with the propeller performance
prediction, part of the key aspects during the design process of a ship, as it partly ensures the
quality of the power-prediction. Body fitted structured grids for ship simulations can be rather
challenging and time consuming to build, especially when dealing with appended ship geometries.
For this reason, unstructured hexahedral trimmed grids are more and more used. Such grids can
be build by various CFD package such as CD-Adapcos Star CCM+, NUMECAs Hexpress grid
generator or OpenFOAMSs SnappyHexMesh. Although their use is increasing or even already
adopted, the numerical uncertainty of these simulations seems to be a well-kept secret.
In the study presented, an attempt at quantifying the numerical uncertainty of the resistance
for the combination of the RANS Solver ReFRESCO [1] with grids generated using the commercial
package Hexpress is made. The studied case is the flow around the bare-hull KVLCC2
at model scale Reynolds number. Extensive verification and validation on the same test case
has already been published for the combination of ReFRESCO and structured grids by Pereira
et al. [2].
The method to generate grids as geometrically similar as possible is presented, and the
uncertainty analysis by L. Eça and M. Hoekstra [3] is performed on the integral results obtained.
The simulations are performed using the k-omega SST, k-omega TNT and the k-SKL turbulence
models. The velocity fields calculated in the propeller plane are compared to the measured ones
and to the results obtained by Pereira et al. [2] on structured grids.
The results show that the differences with the experimental results are in the same range as
the differences obtained with structured grids. The numerical uncertainties are, however, higher.
They are also strongly dependent on the turbulence model used, like for structured grids, and
are spread between 1.3% and 12%.
Concerning the wake flow details, not all features present in the experimental results are
obtained and, com pared to structured grids, the flow features are smoothed. The wake flow is
also influenced by the turbulence modelling and needs to be addressed in more detail.

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