Improvement of shallow-water basin wave generation using ‘anti-waves’
Author Sanne van Essen, Willemijn Pauw, Christian Schmittner
Title Improvement of shallow-water basin wave generation using ‘anti-waves’
Conference/Journal OMAE
Paper no. 23449
Month June
Year 2014

Abstract
The demand for hydrodynamic research facilities to correctly model shallow-water effects associated with low-frequency (LF) waves increases. Modelling such shallow-water waves in a basin introduces extra challenges, on top of the issues such projects are associated with at full scale. Various unwanted LF wave contributions are introduced by the geometry of the basin and the wave generators. Measurements show significantly more LF wave energy than expected based on second-order bound wave theory, where certain basin modes can generally be identified. This paper describes a method to minimize the unwanted part of this LF wave energy, by creating
an ‘anti-wave’ and choosing an appropriate location in the basin. A wave-splitting tool was used to separate the original wave field into bound and LF free wave components in incident and reflected directions. The resulting LF free wave travelling from the wave generator was used to define a deterministic ‘anti-wave’, which was designed to cancel this LF free wave. Some first tests of this theory in MARIN’s Offshore Basin showed that it is possible to reduce the amount of unwanted LF spurious wave energy in shallow water by generating an anti-wave at the wave generator. This is promising for further development, although phasing of the anti-wave is difficult for basin oscillation modes. A procedure to follow for future shallow-water basin projects was identified.

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